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Treat and prevent malnutrition in children
and pregnant and lactating women

of children suffering from
one or more forms of malnutrition
of children suffering from
acute malnutrition
of stunted
of overweight or obese
children under 5
of newborns are

Treatment of severe acute of malnutrition

Severe acute malnutrition is characterized by major weight loss. Nearly 20 million children under the age of five years suffer from severe acute malnutrition. This form of malnutrition is the stage at which the risk of death for children under the age of five years is the highest. It requires medical emergency and rapid management.

Acute malnutrition can take multiple forms including marasmus (severe emaciation) and kwashiorkor (edematous malnutrition).

This type of malnutrition is diagnosed in children with a weight-for-height index of less than -3 Z-scores or an upper arm circumference of less than 11.5 cm or with bilateral edema.

Treatment and prevention of moderate acute malnutrition

Moderate acute malnutrition is defined by a more moderate weight loss compared to severe acute malnutrition.

Nearly 33 million children suffer from moderate acute malnutrition. Due to their susceptibility to disease, these children are at a higher risk of death and can rapidly deteriorate to severe acute malnutrition, at which stage their risk of death is further enhanced.

A child with moderate acute malnutrition has a weight-for-height index of between -3 and -2 Z-scores or an upper arm circumference between 11.5 and 12.5 cm.

Prevention of malnutrition during the 1000-day period

The 1000-day period, from conception to the end of the second year of a child’s life, is vital for the child’s development and for the health of the adult he/she will become. Inadequate nutrition during this period can have irreversible consequences for the child’s chances of survival and for his/her development. Today, 20.5 million children are born with low birth weight and more than 149 million children are stunted (low height to age ratio).

Birth weight is considered low below 2.5 kg, and a child identified as stunted has a height-for-age index of less than -2 Z-scores.

Nutritional support for communities and families

A varied diet is the best way to prevent any risk of nutritional deficiency. Micronutrient deficiencies occur in particular when the daily diet is monotonous and contains few different foods. However, in certain circumstances, eating a balanced and varied diet is difficult, and even if the foods available provide sufficient energy, they do not cover the needs for certain essential micronutrients.

In these situations, a nutritional supplement such as QBmix® may be the most suitable way of providing these essential elements.

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